Children’s Eye Health Month: Vision Care

Home/Blog/Wellness/Children’s Eye Health Month: Vision Care

August is Children’s Eye Health month.  Today we are talking about the importance of proper vision care for your kids.  AUI has a number of resources that employers can distribute to employees.  To learn more please contact us.

Properly developed vision is vital to a child’s growth and development. Use the following guidelines to help understand and care for your children’s eyes.

Infant Vision

  • During the first four months of life, infants will follow moving objects with their eyes and attempt to reach for things.
  • Between four and eight months, a baby should begin to turn from side to side, as well as use his or her arms and legs. At this time, eye movements and eye-body coordination skills begin to develop, and both eyes should focus more.
  • At 8 to 12 months old, a baby should begin to use both eyes together and be able to judge distances.

A baby’s eyes should be checked at birth and during well-baby doctor visits throughout his or her first year. All children should also undergo a complete eye exam at around 6 months old.

Preschool-age Vision

Between ages 3 and 6, children continue the process of fine-tuning their vision skills. Preschool children develop visually-guided eye, hand and body coordination; general motor skills; and the necessary visual motor skills to learn how to read and write. If no previous vision problem has been detected, your child should have a thorough eye exam by age 3 to ensure vision is developing properly and to detect any developing eye diseases. If the child remains healthy, his or her next eye exam should be at age 5.

School-age Vision

Astigmatism, nearsightedness and farsightedness are the main vision concerns for school-age children. To detect and treat these problems, they should have their eyes checked around age 6 and every two years thereafter if no vision problems exist.

However, if a child requires glasses or contact lenses for refractive errors, he or she should receive a vision exam every year. The basic vision skills a child needs by school age include:

  • Near and distance vision
  • Eye movement skills
  • Focusing skills
  • Peripheral vision
  • Hand-eye coordination

Parents should bring children in for a complete eye exam and should not rely solely on vision screenings done by a school nurse or pediatrician

Spotting Eye Problems

Signs that a child may have vision problems include:

  • Constant eye rubbing
  • Extreme light sensitivity
  • Poor focusing
  • Poor visual tracking (following an object)
  • Abnormal eye alignment or movement after 6 months of age
  • Chronic eye redness or tearing
  • A white pupil instead of black
  • In school-age children, watch for other signs such as:
  • Inability to see objects at a distance
  • Inability to read the blackboard
  • Squinting
  • Difficulty reading
  • Sitting too close to the TV

Source: www.kidshealth.org 

 

2016-09-02T07:28:45-05:00